牛津譯林英語9B unit4 Life on Mars 中考語法專題4：復合句變簡單句( 二 ）
1. 狀語從句與簡單句之間的轉換（To learn to use adverbial clauses or simple sentences） 2. 賓語從句與簡單句之間的轉換（To learn to use object clauses or simple sentences）
3. 定語從句與簡單句之間的轉換（To learn to use defining relative clauses or simple sentences）
1. 狀語從句與簡單句之間的轉換：用介詞短語把狀語從句換成簡單句 1) when 所引導的時間狀語從句, 如：
She started to learn drawing when she was seven. She started to learn drawing at the age of seven .
2）because 引導的原因狀語從句用短語because of可轉換成簡單句。 如： He could not go to the party because he had too much homework. He could not go to the party because of too much homework .
3） if not/no引導的條件狀語從句可借助without短語轉化為簡單句。 如： He could not solve this problem if he has no help. He could not solve this problem without help. 4) after/before 所引導的時間狀語從句, 如： He went home after he finished his work. He went home after finishing his work. Practice: 同義句轉換
1 Neil Armstrong took his first flight when he was only six. Neil Armstrong took his first flight___________________. 2 People might float in space because the gravity is low. People might float in space________________________. 3 Humans cannot svrvive if there is no food, water or oxygen. Humans cannot survive _________ food, water or oxygen .
4.It would be funny to play football on Mars because of the low gravity. (because) It would be funny to play football on Mars_________________________.
5.If there is no fresh food ,meals will not be as tasty as they are today. ( without) Meals will not be as tasty as they are today__________________________________. 6.Without special boots , you cannot walk on Mars. ( if …… not ) You cannot walk on Mars ________________________.
7 People might move to another planet in the future because the population on the earth is increasing rapidly. (because of )
People might move to another planet in the future_______________________________________. Keys； at the age of six; because of the low gravity.without；because the gravity is low；without fresh food；if you do not wear special boots; because of the rapid increase in population on the Earth
1. I am sure that the concert tickets will be expensive. I am sure about the high price for the concert tickets.
2.The smell of the pills reminds them that food on the earth is tasty. The smell of the pills reminds them of the tasty food on the earth. 3.Are you certain that Tom is satisfied with the plan ?
Are you certain about Tom' s satisfaction with the plan？ 4 Do you understand what I said? Do you understand my words?
5 4.Are you aware what transport could be like on Mars? Are you aware of the transport on Mars?
總結：be sure that … = be sure about / of；remind sb that … = remind sb of sth
be certain that … = be certain about/of; be aware +從句=be aware of... Practice: 同義句轉換
1.The photos remind me that I travelled to the UK five years ago. The photos ___________________ the UK five years ago 2.Are they sure that space travel will be very fast? Are they _______________________ space travel? 3 Are you aware how far Mars is away from the sun ?
Are you aware_____________________________________ (distance)? 4 Do they think that the low gravity on Mars might be a problem?
Have they thought ______________________________________________ ( problem ) ?
Keys: 1 remind me of my trip to 2 sure about the fast speed of 3 of the distance between Mars and the sun 4 about the problem of the low gravity on Mars
1.People might live in houses which have huge comfortable rooms. People might live in houses with huge comfortable rooms 2.On Mars you might see people who wear special boots. On Mars you might see people with special boots. Practice: 同義句轉換
1.I prefer to stay on a hotel room which has a sea view. I prefer to stay on a hotel room _______ a sea view. 2.The man who wears a blue shirt is our English teacher. The man_______ a blue shirt is our English teacher.
3. Do you know the girl who is holding two books in her hand? Do you know the girl_________two books in her hand? Keys: 1 with 2 in 3 with
三、綜合能力提升 1 同義句轉換
1 Yuri Gagarin became the first man to go into outer space at the age of 27. (when) Yuri Gagarin became the first man to go into outer space ________________. 2 Without special boots, you cannot walk on Mars. (if…not) ________________________, you cannot walk on Mars. 3 He was late for school because of the heavy rain. He was late for school _________________________. 4 I could swim at the age of eight.
I could swim___________________________.
5.I think people should know that life on Mars would be different from that on the Earth.
I think people should know __________________________________________ ( differences ).
Keys: when he was 27; If there are no special boots;because it rained heavily; when I was eight years old the differences between life on Mars and that on the Earth 2 將下列復合句改為簡單句。 1 We can’t do it if you don’t help us. We can’t do it ___________________.
2 The pianist began to learn to play the piano when he was four years old. The pianist began to learn to play the piano__________________.
3 Some fish are fast disappearing here because the pollution is serious. Some fish are fast disappearing here__________________________. 4 Are you sure that they are interested in it? Are you sure_______________________ ? 5 I’ve reminded him when we will have the party. I’ve reminded him________________________ .
6 Do you know the woman who has a book under her arm?
Do you know the woman under______________ under her arm? 7 The house that has a big swimming pool must be expensive. The house _________a big swimming pool must be expensive.
Keys: without your help. 2 at the age of four. 3 because of the serious pollution. 4 about their interest in it? 5 of the time of the party. 6 with a book 7 with
3 根據漢語意思完成句子，每空一詞。 1 你們地區人口增長得快嗎？
Is the population in your area ________ _________? 2 我家離學校10公里遠。
My home is ten kilometers__________ _________school? 3 我們同意他們的決定。
We are ________ ________with their decision.
The style of my bag is_________ _________ _________of his. 5 人類正在考慮移民去別的星球。
Are humans _________ _________ _________to another planet? 6 科學家正努力更多地了解火星。
Scientists are_________ _________ _________learn more about Mars.
He is not_________ _________his danger.
Keys: 1 increasing rapidly 2 away from 3 in agreement 4 similar to that 5 thinking about moving 6 working hard to 7 aware of